In 1895, he prepared the premiere of his Second Symphony with the Berlin Philharmonic while maintaining his day job at the Hamburg opera. Each evening, after the curtain fell in Hamburg, he would board a night train to Berlin. There he would direct a morning rehearsal of the symphony, lay down his baton, and get the train back to Hamburg for that evening’s performance. (Leo Carey, The meaning of Mahler, NYRB 17.12.15)
(Waiting for the night train, Frankfurt, 2013)
At least until recently, Germany has done more than other countries to keep a network of night trains.